Question: What Is Infectious Disease Surveillance?

What does Disease Surveillance mean?

Disease surveillance is an epidemiological practice by which the spread of disease is monitored in order to establish patterns of progression..

What are the elements of surveillance?

Each of these sectors contributes to the four basic components of surveillance, which are (1) collection, (2) analysis, (3) dissemination, and (4) response. Collection and analysis can be conducted at the local, state, federal, or international level by public agencies as well as by private industry.

What are the uses of surveillance?

Surveillance data can be used to estimate the magnitude of specific problems, determine the distribution of illness, portray the natural history of a disease, generate hypotheses, stimulate research, evaluate control measures, monitor changes, and facilitate planning.

What is disease surveillance and examples?

Disease surveillance is an information-based activity involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of large volumes of data originating from a variety of sources. The information collated is then used in a number of ways to. Evaluate the effectiveness of control and preventative health measures.

What is the purpose of disease surveillance?

Information from surveillance systems can be used to monitor the burden of a disease over time, detect changes in disease occurrence (e.g., outbreaks), determine risk factors for the disease and populations at greatest risk, guide immediate public health actions for individual patients or the community, guide programs …

What are the types of disease surveillance?

There are two primary types of disease surveillance: passive and active.Passive. Passive disease surveillance begins with healthcare providers or laboratories initiating the reporting to state or local officials. … Active. … Other.

What are the 5 steps of surveillance?

But surveillance involves carrying out many integrated steps by many people:Reporting. Someone has to record the data. … Data accumulation. Someone has to be responsible for collecting the data from all the reporters and putting it all together. … Data analysis. … Judgment and action.

What is the objective of surveillance?

The purpose of surveillance is to provide information for action, and as such the design of a surveillance system should be shaped by the information requirements (surveillance system outputs) of those responsible for taking the control and prevention action that is to be informed by the system.

What is active and passive surveillance?

Regular reporting of disease data by all institutions that see patients (or test specimens) and are part of a reporting network is called passive surveillance. There is no active search for cases. It involves passive notification by surveillance sites and reports are generated and sent by local staff.